What is PHP?

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor (The acronym doesn't follow the name). It's an open source, server-side, scripting language used for the development of web applications. PHP can be embedded in HTML, and it's well suited for web development and the creation of dynamic web pages for web applications, e-commerce applications, and database applications. It's considered as a very user friendly language with abilities to connect with databases such as MySQL, Oracle, and others. PHP can be used on most of the well-known operating systems like Linux, Unix, Solaris, Microsoft Windows, MAC OS and many others. It also supports most web servers including Apache and IIS.

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What is Python?

Python programming language was considered to rapidly prototype applications. But, Python has emerged as a primary language in modern software development and data analysis. It has become a a major force in web application creation and systems management, and a key driver of the explosion in big data analytics and machine learning.

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Why PHP?

PHP is an open source language and it is free. PHP has enormous amount of available documentation and community contribution which makes it the most cost-effective method of creating robust websites. With PHP, coding is straightforward as we can create and run websites in the most efficient manner possible.

Why Python?

Python allow you to express concepts without writing additional code. At the same time, Python, unlike other programming languages, emphasizes on code readability, and allows you to use English keywords instead of punctuations. Hence, you can use Python to build custom applications without writing additional code.

PHP Frameworks

Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony,  CakePHP, Yii, Zend Framework, Phalcon, FuelPHP, PHPixie and Slim

Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, CakePHP, Yii, Zend Framework, Phalcon, FuelPHP, PHPixie and Slim


Python Frameworks

  • Full stack Frameworks - CubicWeb, Django, Giotto, Pylons Framework, Pyramid, TurboGears and Web2Py
  • Micro frameworks - Bottle, CherryPy , Dash, Falcon, Flask, Hug, MorePath and Pycnic
  • Asynchronous Framework - AIOHTTP, Growler, Sanic and Tornado

Features of PHP

PHP runs on various platforms like Windows, Unix, Linux and Mac OS X
PHP is compatible with almost Apaches, IIS servers
PHP is easy to learn which runs efficiently on the server side
PHP is free to download

Features of Python

➝ Python code is easy to write and debug. Therefore, its source code is relatively easy to maintain.
➝ Python is a portable language so it can run on a wide variety of Operating systems and platforms.
➝ Python offers database interfaces to all major commercial DBMS system.
➝ Python supports GUI applications and has as a framework for Web. Example: tkmter, WXPython, Django.

Python Vs PHP


Feature

Ease of Installation

Libraries

Environment

Frameworks

AI and Datascience

Community Support



PHP


Installation is straightforward. It runs well on Windows, OS X, and Linux.

PHP’s library management isn’t as strong.  PHP 7 introduced Composer, but it’s not up to the mark

PHP environment management tool is called as virtPHP. But that project has been archived and is no longer actively maintained. 

PHP users have access to mature frameworks.

Primarily used as web application development

Wider community support.


Python


Installing Python can be a difficult proposition. If you’re on OS X, there’s an existing system version of Python that is already installed on the computer. Python on Windows can also take a bit of work to install. For Linux, though, there is no problem


Python uses Pip (a recursive acronym that stands for “Pip Installs Python”) to manage packages. Pip makes managing different libraries within a Python application simple and faster.

Python has the best of breed application to manage environments. Virtualenv is a system used to install multiple versions of Python side by side and switch between them quickly. Virtualenv is one of the original environment managers and has been actively maintained for more than a decade. 

Python has a smaller number of frameworks

Widely used in AI, data science and scientific community

Currently growing at fast pace.


Score

PHP 1: Python 0

PHP 1: Python 1

PHP 1: Python 2

PHP 2: Python 2

PHP 2: Python 3

PHP 3: Python 2

What is better - PHP or Python?

Our final evaluation ends with Python holding a very slight edge over PHP due to its support for AI and data science. Both PHP 7 and Python 3 are excellent choices for building a web application. Selecting one is an undoubtedly difficult task because PHP and Python both are good on their way. If we have to choose one, then we will go with Python because Python is the gateway to machine learning codes.